[city list Area IV] [info]
In yellow the borders of the territories of Megara Hyblaia and Syrakousai in the 7C BC.
GENERAL HISTORY AREA IV (&V)
The east coast of Sicily was colonized by only three Greek states. The Chalcidians were the first. They founded Naxos (735/4 BC), Zankle, Leontinoi, Katane and Mylai. Corinth founded Syracuse in 734/3 BC. Between the areas of Leontinoi and Syracuse, Megarians founded after some difficulty Megara Hyblaia, 728/7 BC. From here Selinous was founded in 628/7 BC (or 651/0 BC).
Syracuse consolidated her territory in the south-east by founding four new colonies Heloros, Akrai (663 BC), Kasmenai (643 BC) and Kamarina (600/590 BC). Gela founded by Dorians from Rhodes (688 BC) was so stopped in her expansions to the east.
In 485 BC Gelon of Gela intervened in a civil war in Syracusa. He captured the city and made her his capital. In 480 BC Megara Hyblaia was destroyed by Gelon and so Syracusa was master of south-east Sicily. (Naxos and Leontinoi were already conquered by his elder brother Hippocrates (498-491 BC)).
Naxos (735/4 BC),
Leontinoi (taken by Hippocrates of Gela 498-491),
650 BC Himera
734/3 BC Syracusa
663 BC Akrai,
643 BC Kasmenai,
600/590 BC Kamarina, 466 BC Recolonized from Gela
728/7 BC Megara Hyblaia, 480 destroyed by Gelon
651/0 BC Selinous
Dorians from Rhodes
688/7 BC Gela
582 BC Akragas