Poseidonia, Paestum

[coins] [Lucania map] [city list Lucania] [info]
7C       BC Colony of Sybaris
            Possibly the result of a treaty between Sybaris and the Serdaioi
            "There is evidence that the men who founded Poseidonia were Dorians who had come from
            Troezen to Sybaris and been expelled by the Achaean party in that city. ...
            Pausianus (II, xxx, s. 6) tells us one of their earliest kings was a son of Poseidon."        
            (Hands 1909)
            The bull (on coins after 470 BC) is thought to be an emblem of the water deity, the
            ocean god Poseidon.
530      BC start of the incuse coinage like Sybaris. Weight-standard (about 7.5 g) Phocaean
            like Velia and not Achaean like Sybaris. Devided into halves , not thirds.
510      BC destruction of Sybaris I. Incuse coinage of Poseidonia stopped before the reduction
            the of diameter. Till 470 BC very little coinage produced.
470      BC destruction of Sybaris II. Poseidonia started minting staters, possibly influenced by
            refuguees from Dybaris II (standard Achaean, divided into three). 
early 4C BC Poseidonia captured by the Lucanians.
330      BC Alexander, king of Epirus (343-331/30 BC), victory near Poseidonia over the Samnites 
            and the Lucanians. Poseidonia for a short time not under Lucanian rule.

300      BC Name changed to Paestum.
280-275  BC Pyrrhus in Italy and Sicily.
273      BC Paestum, in Roman hands, received a Roman colony.
            The mint of Paestum had the unique privilege in Italy of being
            allowed to issue its own bronze coins right down to the time of
            Augustus and Tiberius.

Literature (* studied for the arrangement)

 Ebner P 1964
            La monetazione di Poseidonia-Paestum, in Studi Lucani, I-III, 1961-63, Salerno
*Catalli F 1995
            Monete dell'Italia Antica, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato Roma
*Crawford M 1973
            Paestum and Rome. The Form and Function of a Subsidiary Coinage, in La monetazione
            di bronzo di Poseidonia-Paestum, Atti del III Convegno del Centro di Studi 
            Numismatici (Napoli 1969), pp 47-110
 Geco Pontrandolfo A 1983
            Per una puntualizzazione della cronologia delle monete a legenda Paistano, in
            "Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica" 30, 1983, pp 63-81
*Grunauer S 1973
            Die Bronzeprägung von Poseidonia, in La monetazione di bronzo di
            Poseidonia-Paestum, Atti del III Convegno del Centro di Studi Numismatici
            (Napoli 1969), pp 25-45
*Hands AW 1909
            Coins of Magna Graecia, Spink London
 Kraay CM 1967
            Gli Stateri a doppio rilievo di Poseidonia, in "Atti e Memorie della Societa
            Magna Graecia",n.s. VIII, 1967, pp 113-135
*Kraay CM 1976
            Archaic and Classical Greek Coins
 Noe SP 1952
            A group of die-sequence at Poseidonia ca. 430-410 a. C., in "American Numismatic 
            Society. Museum Notes" 5, 1952, pp 65-76
 Parise N 1972
            Struttura e funzione della monetazioni archaiche di Magna Graecia. 
            Appunti per en riesame dei dati e degli orientamenti attuali, in Atti Taranto 1972, 
            Napoli 1973, pp 87-129
 Prisco G 1981
            Tra ecenomia e societa': la moneta e la tombe a Poseidonia, in "Annali dell'Istituto 
            Italiano di Numismatica", 1980-81, pp 23-56
*Rutter NK 1997
            Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, Spink London
 Sallusto F 1971
            Le monete di bronzo di Poseidonia-Paestum nella collezione Sallusto, Napoli 1971
 Taliercio Mensitieri M 1992
            Aspetti e problemi della monetazione di Poseidonia, in Atti Taranto 1987, Napoli 
            1992, pp 133-183
 Taliercio Mensitieri M ....
            Problemi della monetazione di Poseidonia, in ACSMGr, XXVIII (Taranto-Paestum) in 
            corso di stampa (given by Catalli 1995)
 Taliercio Mensitieri M 1996
            La monetazione di Poseidonia-Paestum dall'occupazione lucana alla colonia latina, in 
            I Greci in Occidente, Poseidonia e i Lucani, pp 210-214, Electa Napoli